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National Report: Lead in New Enamel Households in Nepal, 2015

National Report: Lead in New Enamel Households in Nepal, 2015In 2014-15, Center for Public Health and Environmental Development (CEPHED) purchased a total of 87 cans of solvent-based enamel decorative paint from stores in Kathmandu, Lalitpur Banepa, Biratnagar Birgunj, Butwal and Pokhara in Nepal. The paints were from 35 brands, representing 27 different paint companies. The paints were selected because 1) they were shown to contain lead above 90 ppm in CEPHEDís 2013 study, Lead in Nepalís New Enamel Household Paints , or LEADERSīs 2013-2014 study, Lead in New Paints in Nepal or 2) because they had not previously been analyzed for their total lead content. Paints shown to have a lead content below 90 ppm in earlier studies were not included in this study. All paints were analyzed by an accredited laboratory in Europe for their total lead content, based on dry weight of the paint.This is the fourth study CEPHED has released about the lead content of new decorative enamel paints in Nepal. The paint study was undertaken as part of the Asian Lead Paint Elimination Project. The Asian Lead Paint Elimination Project carries out focused activities to eliminate lead paint from the market in seven project countries ĖBangladesh, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Summary of Results of Paint Lead Levels in Nepal:: Nearly 9 out 10 (89 percent) of all paints in the study exceed Nepalís recently gazette standard of 90 ppm and will be illegal after June 20, when the new law takes effect. The highest level detected was 124,000 ppm, 1,378 times greater than 90 ppm standard.:: There has been only a small improvement in lead reduction in paints since CEPHED last tested paints in 2013. Between 2013 and 2015 the percentage of paints with lead concentrations above 90 ppm fell only 4 percentage points, from 95 percent (55 of 58 paints) to 91 percent of the paints (53 of 58 paints). The percentage of paints with lead concentrations greater than 10,000 ppm also dropped only a small amount, from 50 percent (29 of 58 paints) to 45 percent (26 of 58 paints) in 2015.::A substantial number of paint manufacturers will need to need to shift to lead safe paints in order to be compliant with the new law. The vast majority (93 percent) of paint companies included in this study produces and sells paint with a lead content above the new Nepalese standard of 90 ppm and nearly three quarters (74 percent) of the paint companies sell paints with dangerously high lead levels above 10,000 ppm.::Green, yellow and red color paints are the most likely to contain dangerously high levels oflead above 10,000 ppm. 100 percent (10 out of 10) of green, Ninety-fi ve percent of yellow (18 out of 19 paints) and 78 percent of red color (14 out of 18 paints contained lead levels higher than 90 ppm.::Paint can labels with Nepal Standard Mark can be Misleading